Introduction to Important Cereal Crops

Cereals are the members of monocotyledonous family Gramineae. They are fruits of cultivated grasses. The principal cereal crops are maize, sorghum and the millets. Wheat, rice and corn together contribute three-fourths of the world’s grain production. In general cereal grains provide the bulk energy consumed on earth. The cereal crop that are grown for their edible fruit are generally called grain and are botanically referred as caryopsis. Two major components of cereal seeds are i) endosperm and ii) embryo or germ. The endosperm that forms bulk of seed is the stored food of grain and is source of energy for animals. Read more