Healthy Eating Habits for Children and Adolescents

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1. Enjoy your food: try to enjoy lots of different food every day for variety and enjoyment. Share food with family and friends.
2. Breakfast is very important meal: your body needs energy after long sleep so breakfast is important. Food that are high in carbohydrate such as bread, cereals, fruits make good breakfast choices. Skipping meals especially breakfast can lead to out of control hunger, often resulting in helpless over eating. Skipping breakfast can also cause lack of concentration for school-work.
3. Eat lots of different food: a variety of different food every day is the secret for good health. You need 40 different vitamins and minerals for good health and no one food can supply all of them. There are no ‘good’ or ‘bad’ food so you don’t need to miss the food you enjoy.
4. Base your food choices on carbohydrate: these food provide needed energy, vitamins and minerals. Food that are high in carbohydrate include pasta, breads, cereals, fruits and vegetables. Try to include some of these food in every meal as more than half of the calories in your diet should come from them. Read more

Sieve Analysis

Sieving is a unit operation in which mixture of various sizes of solid particle is separated into two or more fractions by passing over screen. It is applied in industry to determine shape and size of any samples. Sieve analysis has two main objectives.
a. To find out shape of material
b. To find out size of material
In general, there are two types of sieves.
1. Wire woven sieve
2. Perforated sieve

 

 

 

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Conveying and Handling: Application in Food Industries

Conveying is the method of transferring materials from one place to another generally by mechanical means. The use of conveying process are generally in all stages of manufacturing process including harvest and transportation of raw materials to store, preparation of food, movement of food or produce within the factory and movement of finished product to warehouse. It can also be used for presentation of products for selling. Efficient handling is the organized movement of materials in correct quantities to and from correct place accomplished with minimum time, labor, waste, expenditure and with maximum safety. Read more

Vitamins: Functions and their sources

Vitamin refer to essential dietary factor which is required by an organism in small amounts and whose absence results in deficiency diseases. Vitamins are important for their regularity and protective functions. Unlike most other nutrients, they are required in very small amounts. But it is necessary to provide these in diet because many of them cannot be synthesized in our body. Excess intake of any vitamin however is harmful. Vitamins are generally classified on the basis of their solubility.

  1. Water soluble vitamin: vitamin C, B complex
  2. Fat soluble vitamin: vitamin A, D, E and K

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Why Functional foods are high valued?

Food with ingredient that are medically beneficial beyond their basic nutritional value are called functional food. It is similar in appearance to conventional food, consumed part of normal diet and has demonstrated physiological benefit and reduces the risk of chronic disease beyond basic nutritional function. Examples include tomatoes, broccoli, citrus fruits, leafy vegetables and many more. People are starting to look at food as a perception for health. Functional food in highest demand include those containing omega -3 fatty acid, glucosamine and probiotics.

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